Order and Chaos

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uranos and gaiaIn the ancient stories, the power of Reason (which Genesis calls ‘Light’ and Plato calls the ‘Demiurge’) makes Order out of Chaos. The Greeks represented Chaos as the first goddess, Gaia: that is, Gaia is the spiritual essence of the world, the transcendent mother-principle of the Nature that will come. Her husband (and, in some tales, her son as well as her husband*), was the first god, Uranus, who symbolizes and embodies the Light of Reason that will turn the Darkness of Chaos into Order, through a spiritual ‘fertilization’ that brings forth a second generation of ‘gods’, the Titans – including Cronus (heaven), Oceanus (water), Rhea (earth), and many others, who will represent an organized diverse Multiplicity.

Uranus is the Archetypal Man, corresponding to what the Kabbalists call ‘the First Adam’, (the Idea or Principle of Man), and Gaia is the Archetypal Woman, corresponding to ‘the First Eve’ (the Idea or Principle of Woman.)

Genesis describes the Ordering of Chaos this way:

And God said, Let there be light: and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided the light from the darkness. And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day. And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters. And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament: and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and the morning were the second day. (Gen. 1.3-8)

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[* Being both the husband and the son of the great mother goddess, Uranus exemplifies a recurring theme in Scripture and Mythology. For instance, Adam calls Eve “the mother of all living”, thereby acknowledging her as his mother as well as his wife. Archetypal ‘Mind’ (Male) and Archetypal ‘Matter’ (Female) are wed in the ‘Above’. But for Mind to enter this world ‘Below’, he must come to birth through the Feminine and thereby become her son.]
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For more about the wonderful stories of myth and mystery from Greece, you may enjoy:
LOVE, WISDOM, AND GOD: The Longing of the Western Soul