In the ancient stories, the power of Reason (which Genesis calls ‘Light’ and Plato calls the ‘Demiurge’) makes Order out of Chaos. The Greeks represented Chaos as the first goddess, Gaia: that is, Gaia is the spiritual essence of the world, the transcendent mother-principle of the Nature that will come. Her husband (and, in some tales, her son as well as her husband*), was the first god, Uranus, who symbolizes and embodies the Light of Reason that will turn the Darkness of Chaos into Order, through a spiritual ‘fertilization’ that brings forth a second generation of ‘gods’, the Titans – including Cronus (heaven), Oceanus (water), Rhea (earth), and many others, who will represent an organized diverse Multiplicity.
Uranus is the Archetypal Man, corresponding to what the Kabbalists call ‘the First Adam’, (the Idea or Principle of Man), and Gaia is the Archetypal Woman, corresponding to ‘the First Eve’ (the Idea or Principle of Woman.)
Genesis describes the Ordering of Chaos this way:
[* Being both the husband and the son of the great mother goddess, Uranus exemplifies a recurring theme in Scripture and Mythology. For instance, Adam calls Eve “the mother of all living”, thereby acknowledging her as his mother as well as his wife. Archetypal ‘Mind’ (Male) and Archetypal ‘Matter’ (Female) are wed in the ‘Above’. But for Mind to enter this world ‘Below’, he must come to birth through the Feminine and thereby become her son.]
LOVE, WISDOM, AND GOD: The Longing of the Western Soul